Types of Driving License in India
To drive motor vehicles on the road in India, a driver must obtain a Driving License. Only after getting a DL is a driver legally permitted to drive around the country. However, there are various types of driving licenses in India, and below we�ve expounded them all for you to learn which type of license you�re eligible for.
1. Learner's License
The Learner�s License is issued to a driver before the Permanent Driving License. It is authenticated by the Road Transport Authority. The learner�s license has a validity of 6 months. The driver, who is designated (as) a learner, is expected to fine-tune his/her driving skills during this period of 6 months and is accompanied by a mature driver.
2. Permanent License
The Permanent License is issued to a driver by the RTO after 6 months of obtaining the learner�s permit. You can apply for a permanent license after 30 days from the date of issuance of a learner�s license. The minimum age requirement to acquire this license is 18 years and a driver also has to clear the driving exam arranged by the RTO. This license is issued for private vehicles such as cars, bikes, and other categories of light vehicles.
3. Commercial Driving License
One needs to obtain the Commercial Driving License to drive heavy vehicles (passenger goods delivering vehicles like trucks) in India. The applicant is required to have cleared class 8th to be eligible for this category of license. The drivers generally require specialized training in operating heavy vehicles from government or state-sponsored specialized training institutes.
4. International Driving License
For an Indian who wishes to drive a vehicle in foreign countries, the government issues an International Driving permit. This type of license gives authority to Indian citizens to drive or ride their own or rented vehicles in foreign countries. The applicant for this license must already possess the Permanent Driving License. The International Driving License has a validity of one year, after which it has to be renewed.
License class and categories of vehicles in India
A driving license in India is issued depending on the class of your motor vehicle. Following are the various license class in India and the vehicles associated with them-
MC 50cc:Vehicles with an engine capacity of 50cc or less than that FVG:Vehicles without gears like scooters and mopedsnsport class) FVG:Vehicles without gears like scooters and mopeds MC EX50CC:Vehicles like motorcycles with gears with an engine capacity of 50CC or more MCWG:Vehicles like motorcycles, both with and without gears HGMV:Vehicles like trailers, larger trucks, and other similar vehicles used for the transport of goods HPMV:Vehicles that run for commercial purpose and has an All India Permit to carry passengers
How to apply for a driving license online in India?
Following are the steps you can follow to apply for a driving license online in India. - Log on to Ministry of Road Transport and Highways operated website � https://sarathi.parivahan.gov.in/ - Click on �Apply Online� - Fill in Learner�s License details. - Enter personal details - Upload documents - Upload photograph and signature - Book test slot - Pay application fee
Documents required to apply for a driving license in India
Following are the documents required to obtain a driving license in India- - Age proof (anyone) - Birth Certificate - PAN Card - Passport - Class 10 mark sheet - Transfer certificate from any school for any class with the date of birth printed on it. - Permanent proof of address (anyone) - Passport - Aadhaar Card - Self-owned house agreement - Electricity Bill (issued in applicants name) - LIC Bond - Voters ID Card - Ration Card - Current proof of address (anyone) - Rental agreement and electricity bill - Rental agreement and LPG bill - Duly filled application form - Passport-sized photographs - Medical certificate (mandatory for applicants over the age of 40 years)